Carl Andre

Year and place of birth: 1935, Quincy, USA Location: New York, USA

Sculptor Carl Andre was one of the pioneers of American minimalism. This art movement from the 1960s was a response to American abstract expressionism, which placed the expressiveness of brush strokes and the use of colour at its core. Andre and his colleagues considered their works quite simply as objects. They eliminated any personal traces – the hand of the artist – in their work by having it produced industrially and sometimes in series. Minimalism denied any sense of the meaning of art and focused on the relationship of a piece with itself, the space and the viewer. Andre creates his sculptures from industrial materials and often positions them directly on the floor in a geometric composition.

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